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Department of Primary Care & Family Medicine

This department facilitates students to gain knowledge, skills and attitudes required to manage patients in Primary care setting and Family medicine in the Sri Lankan context.

Primary care is the provision of integrated, accessible health care services by physicians and their health care teams who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community, while Family medicine is the medical specialty within primary care,  that provides continuing and comprehensive health care for the individual and family across all ages, genders, diseases, and parts of the body by a primary care physician named as family physician. 


Primary Care or Family medicine defined as the first contact medical speciality that manages common and long-term illnesses in children and adults, focusing on overall health and well-being. This includes management of diseases within the scope of primary care such as asthma, diabetes as well as end-of-life care. Ideally, it is the family physicians that should manage most health conditions in a community.


The principles of Primary care and family medicine are compassionate care (a caring attitude towards patients and their families shown as kindness and a desire to help), generalist approach (a perspective on the whole person and the context of illness including family, culture and society), continuity of relationship (the interpersonal bond of trust and respect between family physicians, patients, and their families that develops over the life course), reflective mindfulness (doctors' awareness of their thoughts and emotions manifested as a sense of presence and attentiveness towards self and others) and lifelong learning (a commitment to personal and professional development by participating in learning activities and practice-based research that leads to better patient outcomes). Concepts such as care coordination, preventive care, access to care, professional competence, resource management and community-based care, are part of these principles.


You will be learning Primary Care and Family Medicine from 5th to 8th semesters in the medical curriculum. Primary Care and Family Medicine clerkship is planned for semester V to VII for two-week duration with small group teaching and field visits. A guide will be given to write a portfolio during the appointment for which marks will be given at the exam. Details regarding each visit will be given at the beginning of the clerkship.