Errata and Retraction Policy

An erratum refers to a correction of errors introduced to the article by the publisher.

All publisher-introduced changes are highlighted to the author at the proof stage and any errors are ideally identified by the author and corrected by the publisher before final publication.
Authors who notice an error should contact the Coordinating Editor or Editor in Chief of the journal.

Changes/Additions to accepted articles

All content of published articles are subject to the editorial review process, organized by and under the auspices of the Editor in Chief. If the authors wish to add any content to their article after acceptance, they must submit a written request the Editor in Chief and the new content will be reviewed.

  • If the new material is additional to the accepted article, it must be submitted for peer review as a new manuscript, referring back to the original manuscript
  • If the new material should replace the original content of the accepted article, the Editor in Chief may consider the publication of an Erratum or a Corrigendum.
  • Changes to articles after they have been published online may only be made under the circumstances outlined below.
  • An Erratum is a statement by the authors of the original paper that briefly describes any correction(s) resulting from errors or omissions. Any effects on the conclusions of the paper should be noted. The corrected article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of erratum is given. The Erratum is made freely available to all readers and is linked to the corrected article.
  • A Retraction is a notice that the paper should not be regarded as part of the scientific literature. Retractions are issued if there is clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, this can be as a result of misconduct or honest error; if the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper referencing, permission or justification; if the work is plagiarized; or if the work reports unethical research.
  • To protect the integrity of the record, the retracted article is not removed from the online journal, but notice of retraction is given, is made freely available to all readers, and is linked to the retracted article. Retraction will be published by the decision of the Editorial team of the journal. In all cases, the retraction indicates the reason for the action and who is responsible for the decision. If a retraction is made without the unanimous agreement of the authors, that is also noted.
  • In rare and extreme cases involving legal infringement, the Editor in Chief on behalf of the publisher will redact or remove an article. Bibliographic information about the article will be retained to ensure the integrity of the scientific record.